Saturday, 6 November 2010

Safety at Workplace Today

First aid Tips

At all workplaces, first aid equipment and material should be readily available for treating industrial injuries or sickness. Such equipment includes a first aid kit and a stretcher with blankets. A person with first aid training should always be on the premises.

In the event of an accident, try to act in the following way :

# prevent more people from being injured.
# call the instructor or supervisor, or the person responsible for first aid treatment.
# Call an ambulance if necessary.
# Aid the injured person.

Tuesday, 2 November 2010

differentiate between a sprain and a fracture

Sometimes it can be hard to tell the difference between a strain/sprain and a fracture, they all can be painful, tender and swollen. If you are unable to bear weight on the limb, if there is any obvious deformity or have any doubts about the seriousness of the injury then always seek medical advice.

    * Fractures need to go to hospital, but beforehand, you should make sure the injured person is kept still and the break supported with your hands or by being bandaged (in a sling if an upper limb break, or bandaged to the uninjured leg, if a lower limb break).


Animals and insects do not usually attack unless injured or provoked.  Many bites and stings can be prevented by using common sense.  For example, take sensible precautions before attempting to rescue a casualty from an angry dog or a swarm of bees.  Call help or contact the emergency service, if needed.

 Insect and marine stings are often minor injuries that can usually be treated with first aid alone.  However, animal and human bites always require medical attention, as germs are harbored in the mouths of all animals.  Snake bites carry the additional risk of poisoning.  In cases of bite wounds, the casualty must be protected from serious infections such as tetanus and rabies.
Animal Bites

Sunday, 31 October 2010

Bleeding External

• Which can be seen on the outside of the body.
Identification / look out for :
• Bleeding wound.
• Shock
Types of bleeding :
• Capillary bleed
o Oozing, bright red.
• Venous bleed
o Darker red, steady and copious.
• Arterial bleed
o Bright red, spurting as a jet and in wave pattern, rising and falling with arterial pulse.
Most dangerous is arterial bleeding, as the high arterial pressure can cause rapid emptying of blood from the vascular system, resulting in rapid deterioration of patient's condition and early onset of shock.Death can result within only a few minutes, depending on location.